Recommendations for Urine and Urinary Bladder Collection in Chemical Carcinogenesis Assays with Rodents

  • D Talhada Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • A Andrade Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • A I Faustino-Rocha Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • C I Teixeira-Guedes Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • J H Teixeira Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • R Arantes-Rodrigues Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD
  • C Vasconcelos-N Agrarian School of Viseu, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu
  • R Gil da Cost Laboratory for Process, Environmental and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto
  • P A Oliveira Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD and Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD

Abstract

This review describes the technical procedures to collect and process urine and urinary bladder samples, during and at the end of urinary bladder carcinogenesis assays with small rodents. The applications, advantages and disadvantages of each method are also mentioned and discussed.

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